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Marine environments support the livelihoods, economies, and quality of life for communities around the world. But growth of coastal populations and increasing demands on marine resources are putting the future of ocean and coastal resources at risk through impacts such as overfishing, wetland drainage, climate change, and pollution of coastal waters. Given these demands, it is vital to build capacity--the people, the institutions, and technology and tools--needed to manage ocean resources. Unfortunately, many capacity building efforts focus on specific projects rather than on capacity building as goal unto itself, resulting in activities that are not funded or sustained past the typically short project lifetime. This book finds that the most successful capacity-building efforts meet the needs of a specific locale or region based on periodic assessments and include plans to maintain and expand capacity after the project ends. The report recommends ways that governments and organizations can help strengthen marine protection and management capacity, including conducting periodic program assessments, making plans to sustain funding, and developing leadership and political will. The book was produced at the request of Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the President's Circle of the National Academies, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Science Foundation, the Marisla Foundation, and the Curtis and Edith Munson Foundation.


Table of Contents
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Front Matter i-xii
Summary 1-10
1 Introduction 11-15
2 The Challenges of Achieving Stewardship of Oceans and Coasts 16-28
3 Growing Capacity for Stewardship of Oceans and Coasts: A Work in Progress 29-49
4 Moving Toward Effectiveness: Identifying Barriers to and Constraints on Effective Capacity-Building 50-62
5 What Aspects of Capacity-Building Need More Emphasis? 63-88
6 Building Capacity in Ocean and Coastal Governance 89-105
7 The Path Ahead: Strategic and Long-Term Approaches to Capacity-Building 106-112
References 113-120
Appendixes 121-122
Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies 123-128
Appendix B: Panamá Conference 2006: Are We Meeting the Challenges of Capacity-Building for Managing Oceans and Coasts? 129-132
Appendix C: Major Changes in Capacity-Building Since 1969 133-139
Appendix D: Acronyms 140-142





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